Your Mac may boot from a bootable external hard drive, CD or DVD, USB thumb drive, network volume, or any other disk other than the default. From Intel-based Macs to Apple silicon ones, the procedure of upgrading the starting disk changes in certain respects. Here, you’ll learn how to alter the startup disk on your Mac.
What Is Startup Disk, Exactly?
A startup disk is a sector of your drive that holds an operating system. When you power on your Mac for the first time, you have the option of choosing the startup disk from which it will run. It’s a common technique among those who utilize Boot Camp to run both Windows and macOS on the same Mac.
Why Do You Want to Do This?
Booting into a separate storage volume may be useful in a variety of situations. Among the most often seen are:
- If you want to restore or reinstall OS X, you may use these tools to boot into your Lion or Mountain Lion startup disk or any other physical recovery media that you have linked to your machine.
- In order to boot onto another Mac’s hard drive using Target Disk Mode, these utilities must be installed on your Thunderbolt-equipped computer. You may use Mac A’s operating system and files on Mac B’s hardware in this fashion, which we prefer to do when we have our Mac Mini and MacBook Air at our desk at the same time. Boot Camp requires that you utilize these tools in order to choose whether OS X or Windows will be used to boot your computer, either on-demand or by default.
- The existence of several different OS X versions. These utilities allow you to choose which version of OS X to boot into, which is useful if you find it necessary to have two versions of OS X on your computer for compatibility reasons.
Quick way to change Mac’s startup disk
For Intel-chip Mac:
Step 1. Just restart your Mac or press Power button to start your Mac.
Step 2. Immediately press and hold the Option (Alt) key until you see the Apple logo.
Step 3. Use the Left and Right arrow keys (or the trackpad or mouse if you can move the cursor around) to select the drive you want to boot from. Then, press Enter or select the Up icon.
(If your Intel Mac uses an Apple T2 Security Chip, you won’t be able to boot from an external drive unless you modify your security settings via macOS Recovery.)
For Apple Silicon chip Mac:
Step 1. Turn off your Mac.
Step 2. Press and hold the Power button.
Step 3. Keep holding until you see Loading startup options.
Step 4. Wait for the Startup Options screen to appear.
Step 5. Use the Left and Right arrow keys (or the trackpad or mouse if you can move the cursor around) to select a drive. Then, press Enter or select Continue to boot from it.
Change Your Mac’s Startup Disk Using System Preferences
To alter the startup disk on your Mac, follow these steps:
Your computer’s hard drive should be connected to the drive you want to utilize as your startup disk.
Select System Preferences from the Apple menu.
Navigate to the Startup Disk option. The window displayed in the image below appears.
Select the hard drive or partition you wish to use as your startup disk.
Pressing the Restart button will force your computer to restart and use the specified startup disk.
Repeat the steps and pick the main disk as the startup disk to return to the primary disk.
Replace Your Startup Disk Once
Turning off your Mac or Mac with Apple silicon will let you use it:
- When Using A Mac: Start your Mac by pressing and holding the Option key while booting up.
- When Using A Mac With Apple Silicon: Hold down the power button until the message “Loading startup options” appears on the screen.
- If you’re using a Mac Mini, wait until the light next to the system indicator turns amber.
- When you view the available starting disks, choose one and then hit the Up arrow button (on Mac) or the Continue button (on Mac with Apple silicon).
When you restart your Mac, it will boot from the disk you chose in System Preferences as your startup disk.
Change Your Startup Disk Using The Command Prompt
In Mac OS X Mavericks, the starting disk may be changed from inside the System Preferences window. Sometimes, there are situations in where it may be necessary to change the startup disk from within the Terminal.
- The Terminal application may be started by clicking the icon that looks like a magnifying glass at the top of the screen on a Mac. Once the Spotlight dialog box appears, enter “Terminal” and then choose “Terminal” from the list of results.
- Simply enter the command without quotation marks in the Terminal window: “sudo bless -mount /Volumes/Startup Disk Name -setBoot.” You may change the startup disk with the Bless command.
- To boot from a specific drive, replace “Startup Disk Name” with the proper name of the disk. Enclose the full route in quotation marks if the name includes spaces. For example, You may use this command is titled “My Mac,” sudo bless -mount “/Volumes/My Mac” -setBoot.
- To execute the program and modify the startup disk, press “Enter” on the command prompt. After restarting your Mac, you’ll see that it’s booting from the new drive. When you want to restart your Mac instantly from the command line, use the command: sudo shutdown -r now. Remember to save your work before running the command.
In addition to the disk selection screen, your Mac has several additional boot modes, such as Apple Diagnostics, Safe Mode, and Target Disk Mode, which you may activate by pressing particular starting key combinations. They’re worth a look, so don’t forget.
Create a bootable clone backup for Mac
DoYourClone for Mac can help you easily and securely create a bootable clone backup for Mac. Just free download it, install it on your Mac. Choose Clone OS mode to help you securely clone Mac startup to an external hard drive. Then you can use the external hard drive as a bootable drive.
Step 1. Open DoYourClone for Mac, select disk clone mode - Clone OS and select the external hard drive as the destination drive.
Step 2. Click on Clone Now button to securely clone Mac startup disk to the destination drive.
Once the process gets finished, you will get a bootable external disk and can use it on any Mac.